Unit 1: Newsroom

Introduction

  • 17th century – english news papers started
  • From 19th century – the tradition of having commentaries along with the news started
  • News style needs to be distinct style of its usage of the language
  • Newsman language helps the newspaper to inform, instruct and entertain
  • Structure of news – simplifying it as 5Ws and 1h
  • Concise in nature and straight forward and presents the news briefly as a summaries
  • Opening paragraph is called a lead
  • Evolved into its own structure, style
  • No emotional overtones
  • Evaluative in nature
  • Supposition of facts
  • Suppose writing in a crime story about a murder –
  • Attribution to the news

Organizational Structure of a Newspaper

  • Editorial – collecting, processing of news item
    • Publisher:
    • Editor: Heads editorial dept. – Responsible and Accountable – Complete control
      • Editorial – Page Editor
        • Editorial Writers
    • Managing Editor: – Day-to-day operations
      • City Editor
        • Assistant City Editor
          • Reporters
      • State/Regional Editor
        • Assistant State/Regional Editor
          • Reports
      • Chief Copy Editor
        • Copy Editor
      • Business Editor – International News comes via Wire / News Agencies
        • Assistant Business Editor
          • Reports
      • Photo Editor
        • Photographers
      • Sports Editor
        • Assistant Sports Editor
          • Reporters
      • Graphics Editor
        • Graphic Reporters/artists
      • Lifestyle Editor
        • Assistant Lifestyle Editor
          • Reporters
      • Design Editor
        • Layout Editor
  • Business
    • Advertising Dept.: Display Ads and Classifieds (Series of Ads)
    • Production Dept.: Printing, Machinery, Skilled people, Schedule printing on time, quality of the newspaper – improving the printing quality, etc.
    • Circulation Dept.: Distribution and delivery of the newspaper – news agencies – subscription-based or single copy sales – 20-40% of the revenue comes from the circulation department – delivery trucks
    • Administrative Dept.: Operations, purchasing, day-to-day routine activities of maintenance, storage, coordination, human resources, security, public relations, etc.

Editorial room

Functions of news editor and sub-editor